Rajasthan, the largest state of India was formed on 30 March 1949 with Jaipur as the state capital. Once known as the `Land of the Kings`, the state still retains the glory and richness of those times with its marvelous monuments, colourful traditions and customs. It covers most of the area of the Great Indian desert (Thar Desert) with one edge paralleling the Sutlej - Indus river valley along with its border with Pakistan. It borders Pakistan to the west, the Indian state of Gujarat to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana to the northeast and Punjab to the north.Rajasthani and Hindi are the widely used languages in the state.
Music and dance are deep rooted in Rajasthani life. The Desert land comes alive when it stage for performance. Most of the Rajasthani Folk arts are linked to either region or Festival. Folk dances of Rajasthan has been classified according to the three natural division of the region - hilly, desert and eastern plain including Shekhawati. The popular dances include Bhavai, Chari, Fire Dance, Ghoomar, Gair, Kachhi Ghodi, etc In Rajasthan, one can fnd many traditional communities who are professional performers and their skills are handed down from generation to generation.